Following Marys death on 17 November 1558, Elizabeth returns to the Tower, and on 13 January 1559 is crowned Queen of England. Mary agreed to Elizabeth succeeding her to become Queen only a few months before her death.
A Little History
Who created the Bloody Mary?
Most cocktail experts agree the Bloody Mary cocktail was created in the 1920’s by Fernand Petiot whilst he was working in a bar in Paris.
The use of a celery stick to garnish a Bloody Mary is believed to originate in the 1960s after a customer received their Bloody Mary without a stick for stirring in a hotel bar. As an alternative they picked up a stick of celery from the relish tray to stir their cocktail and the garnish has stayed ever since.
In the United States, the Bloody Mary is a common hangover remedy. It is thought to cure hangovers due to its combination of a heavy vegetable base (to settle the stomach), salt (to replenish lost electrolytes) and alcohol (to relieve head and body aches).
January 1st is National Bloody Mary Day.
The Classic Bloody Mary
The classic recipe consists of:
- 1 oz. vodka
- 2 oz. tomato juice
- 1 dash lemon juice
- 2 dashes salt
- 2 dashes black pepper
- 2 dashes cayenne pepper
- 3 dashes of Worcestershire sauce
- Garnish with a celery stalk
Why Bloody Mary?
The name Bloody Mary is thought to be associated with Queen Mary I of England, remembered for her “bloody” crusade against Protestants in England and Ireland, whilst trying to restore them to the Catholic faith, which in turn earned her the nickname "Bloody Mary".
The Queen is Dead
Step Back in Time
Mary restores medieval heresy laws and begins taking a more fearsome stance towards Protestants, setting about martyring them. The Protestant churchmen Latimer and Ridley are burned at the stake on 16 October 1555, and Thomas Cranmer, former Archbishop of Canterbury is burned at the stake on 21 March 1556.
On 25 July 1554, Mary marries Phillip of Spain.
On 18 March 1554, Mary imprisons her half-sister Elizabeth in the Tower of London on suspicion of being involved in the rebellion. Two months later on 19 May 1554, Elizabeth is released from the Tower and sent to live at Woodstock Manor, where she is watched closely.
Former Queen Executed
Mary choses the Catholic Philip of Spain as her husband, a political alliance which will prove extremely unpopular and gave rise to serious rebellion. Thomas Wyatt and his followers, unhappy at the marriage and the religious reform, march on London in 1554 in an attempt to reinstate Lady Jane Grey as a Protestant successor. The City of London holds fast, and the rebels are defeated. Mary is left with no choice, and on 12 February 1554 has 16 year old Lady Jane Grey executed at the Tower to prevent further plotting.
Undoing Her Father's Legacy
After being crowned, Mary reverses the work of her father Henry VIII and returns the country to Catholicism. During her short reign, she sees many rivals and key Protestant figures imprisoned at the Tower.
Two New Queens
Lady Jane Grey is declared Queen on 10 July 1553, only to be deposed by Mary nine days later on 19 July 1553.
The King is Dead
Edward VI dies on 6 July 1553 and names his cousin, Lady Jane Grey, as his successor, having disinherited Mary to prevent the country returning to Catholicism, as he knew would happen under her rule.
The Birth of a Queen in Waiting
Mary is born on 18 February 1516 to parents Henry VIII and Katherine of Aragon. Like her mother, Mary becomes a committed Catholic and resists pressure to convert to Protestantism during the latter part of her father Henry VIII’s reign, and also during the reign of her elder brother, Edward VI.