Sports and Medical Research


 
 

Beet It Sport shots have been independently used for research in over 200 nutritional, medical and sports science institutes and universities, in more than 30 countries around the world.

To assist the work of research institutes into the effects of dietary nitrate, we developed our very own 'placebo shot'. This is an identical version of the shot (in appearance and taste), except the nitrate has been removed.

Leading research into dietary nitrate supplementation for sports performance is undertaken here in the UK at The University of Exeter under Professor Andy Jones. In this short video (00:57), Andy explains why they use concentrated beetroot shots rather than beetroot juice or just nitrate-rich vegetables themselves.

Andy Jones, Professor of Applied Physiology at Exeter University

 

 

Below are a list of papers that have been published on the subject of the benefits of natural nitrate supplementation.
The alt text represents a study which used Beet It.


2017 . . .

alt textThe Effect of Nitrate Supplementation on Cycling Performance in the Heat in Well-Trained Cyclists
International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
McQuillan et al (2017) – University of WaIkato, NZ

alt textMuscle oxygenation profiles between active and inactive muscle with nitrate supplementation under hypoxic exercise
Physiological Reports
Horiuchi et al (2017) - Mt. Fuji Research Institute, JP

alt textEffects of dietary nitrate supplementation on the response to extremity cooling and endothelial function in individuals with cold sensitivity. A double blind, placebo controlled, crossover, randomised control trial
Nitric Oxide
Englin et al (2017) - University of Portsmouth, UK

alt textEffects of supervised exercise and dietary nitrate in older adults with controlled hypertension and or heart failure with preserved ejection fraction
Nitric Oxide
Shaltout et al (2017) - Wake Forest University, US

alt textPhysiological and performance effects of nitrate supplementation during roller-skiing in normoxia and normobaric hypoxia
Nitric Oxide
Nyback et al (2017) - Mid Sweden University, SWE

alt textDietary nitrate supplementation opposes the elevated diaphram blood flow in chronic heart failure during submaximal exercise
Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
Smith et al (2017) - Kansas State University, US

alt textThe effect of dietary nitrate supplementation on the spatial heterogeneity of quadriceps deoxygenation during heavy-intensity cycling
Physiological Reports
Breese et al (2017) - Plymouth University, UK

alt textDietary beetroot juice – effects on physical performance in COPD patients: a randomized controlled crossover trial
International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disorders
Friis et al (2017) - Aarhus University, DEN

alt textDietary nitrate restores compensatory vasodilation and exercise capacity in response to a compromise in oxygen delivery in the non-compensator phenotype
Journal of Applied Physiology
Bentley et al (2017) - Queens University, CAN

alt textBeetroot Juice Increases Human Muscle Force Without Changing Ca2+-handling Proteins
Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise
Whitfield et al (2017) - University of Guelph, CAN

alt textAcute beetroot juice supplementation on sympathetic nerve activity: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled proof-of-concept study
American Journal of Physiology
Notay et al (2017) - University of Guelph, CAN

alt textDietary nitrate supplementation enhances short but not longer duration running time-trial performance
European Journal of Applied Physiology
Shannon et al (2017) – Leeds Beckett University, UK

alt textBeet Root Juice: An Ergogenic Aid for Exercise and the Aging Brain
Journals of Gerontology
Petrie et al (2017) – Wake Forest University, US

alt textBeetroot juice supplementation improves high-intensity intermittent type exercise performance in trained soccer players
Nutrients
Nyakayiru et al (2017) – Maastricht University, NL

alt textDietary nitrate supplementation and exercise tolerance in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction
Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Hirai et al (2017) – Queens University, Canada

alt textDietary nitrate supplementation enhances short but not longer duration running time-trial performance
European Journal of Applied Physiology
Shannon et al (2017) – Leeds Beckett University, UK

alt textInfluence of iodide ingestion on nitrate metabolism and blood pressure following short-term dietary nitrate supplementation in healthy normotensive adults
Nitric Oxide
Bailey et al (2017) – University of Exeter, UK

alt textEffect of dietary nitrate supplementation on swimming performance in trained swimmers
International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
Lowings et al (2017) – Leeds Beckett University, UK

alt textEffects of beetroot juice supplementation on cardiorespiratory endurance in athletes. A systematic review
Nutrients
Dominguez et al (2017) – Alfonso X el Sabio University, Spain

Association of dietary nitrate with atherosclerotic vascular disease mortality: a prospective cohort study of older adult women
American Society for Nutrition
Blekkenhorst et al (2017) - University of Western Australia, AUS

Effects of nitrate supplementation in trained and untrained muscle is modest with initial high plasma nitrite levels
Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports
Christensen et al (2017) - University of Copenhagen, DEN

The effects of multi-day vs. single pre-exercise nitrate supplement dosing on simulated cycling time trial performance and skeletal muscle oxygenation
Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Jo et al (2017) - California State Polytechnic University, US

Effects of a Short-Term High-Nitrate Diet on Exercise Performance
Nutrients

Porcelli et al (2017) - University of Louisville, US

Oral Nitrate Increases Microvascular Reactivity and the Number of Visible Perfused Micro vessels in Healthy Volunteers
Journal of Vascular Research
Kolb et al (2017) - Université Libre de Bruxelles, BG

Sodium nitrate ingestion increases skeletal muscle nitrate content in humans
Journal of Applied Physiology
Nyakayiru et al (2017) - Maastricht University, NL

Dietary nitrate and blood pressure: evolution of a new nutrient?
Cambridge Journals in Nutrition Research Reviews
Ashworth et al (2017) – Plymouth University, UK

The effects of dietary nitrate supplementation on the adaptations to sprint interval training in previously untrained males

Science and Medicine in Sport Society
Muggeridge et al (2017) – University of the West of Scotland, UK

Dietary nitrate load lowers blood pressure and renal restive index in patients with chronic kidney disease: A pilot study
Nitric Oxide
Kemmner et al (2017) – Technical University of Munich, Germany

Dietary interventions for fetal growth restriction therapeutic potential of dietary nitrate supplementation in pregnancy
The Journal of Physiology
Cottrell et al (2017) – University of Manchester, UK

2016 . . .

alt textBeet Root Juice: An Ergogenic Aid for Exercise and the Aging Brain
Journals of Gerontology
Petrie et al (2016) – Wake Forest University, US

alt textA stepwise reduction in plasma and salivary nitrite with increasing strengths of mouthwash following a dietary nitrate load
Nitric Oxide
Woessner et al (2016) – Victoria University, AUS

alt textInfluence of beetroot juice ingestion on intermittent exercise performance
European Journal of Applied Physiology
Wylie et al (2016) – University of Exeter, UK

alt textOne Week of Daily Dosing With Beetroot Juice Improves Submaximal Endurance and Blood Pressure in Older Patients With Heart Failure
Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Eggebeen et al (2016) – Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center, US

alt textDietary nitrate enhances arterial oxygen saturation after dynamic apnea
Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports
Patrician & Schagatay (2016) – Mid Sweden University, SWE

alt textImpact of flavanoid-rich black tea and beetroot juice on postprandial peripheral vascular resistance and glucose homeostasis in obese, insulin-resistant men: a randmized controlled trial
BioMed Central, Nutrition & Metabolism
Fuchs et al (2016) -Â Radbound University Medical Center, NL

alt textDietary nitrate supplementation enhances high-intensity running performance in moderate normobaric hypoxia, independant of aerobic fitness
Nitric Oxide
Shannon et al (2016) – Leeds Beckett University, UK

alt textIncrease in maximal cycling power with acute dietary nitrate supplementation
International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Rimer et al (2016) – University of Utah, US

alt textNitrate-Rich Vegetables Increase Plasma Nitrate and Nitrite Concentrations and Lower Blood Pressure in Healthy Adults
The Journal of Nutrition
Jonvik et al (2016) -Â Maastricht University, NL

alt textBeetroot juice supplementation improves exercise performance in soccer players
Nyakayiru et al (2016) – Maastricht University, NL

alt textDietary Nitrate supplementation attenuates the reduction in exercise tolerance following blood donation
American Journal of Physiology
Jones et al (2016) – University of Exeter, UK

alt textDietary nitrate supplementation improves sprint and high-intensity intermittent running performance
Nitric Oxide
Jones et al (2016) – University of Exeter, UK

alt textInfluence of dietary nitrate supplementation on physiological and muscle metabolic adaptations to sprint interval training
Journal of Applied Physiology
Thompson et al (2016) – University of Exeter, UK

alt textIs it rocket science – why dietary nitrate is hard to ‘beet’! Part I: twists and turns in the realization of the nitrate-nitrite-NO pathway
British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology Khatri et al (2016) – Kings College London (BHF), UK

alt textIs it rocket science – why dietary nitrate is hard to ‘beet’! Part II: further mechanisms and theraputic potential of the nitrate-nitrite-NO pathway
Brisitsh Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Mills et al (2016) – Kings College London (BHF), UK

alt textDietary nitrate and skeletal muscle contractile function in heart failure
Circulation Heart Failure Reports
Coggan & Peterson (2016) – Washington University, US

alt textThe Effect of Dietary Nitrate Supplementation on Endurance Exercise Performance in Healthy Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Sports Medicine
McMahon et al (2016) – University of Queensland, AUS

Habitual dietary nitrate intake in well-trained athletes
International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
Jonvik et al (2016) – HAN University of Applied Sciences, NL

Does the ergogenicity of dietary nitrate depend on specific effects on type II muscle?
Exercise and Sport Science Reviews
Jones et al (2016) – University of Exeter, UK

Comparison of Total Antioxidant Potential, and Total Phenolic, Nitrate, Sugar, and Organic Acid Contents in Beetroot Juice, Chips, Powder, and Cooked Beetroot
Food Science and Biotechnology
Vasconcellos et al (2016) – Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, BR

2015 . . .

alt textInorganic nitrate supplementation improves muscle oxygenation, O2 uptake kinetics, and exercise tolerance at high but not low pedal rates
Journal of Applied Physiology
Bailey et al (2015) – University of Exeter, UK

alt textDietary nitrate improves sprint performance and cognitive function during prolonged intermittent exercise
European Journal of Applied Physiology
Jones et al (2015) – University of Exeter, UK

alt textDietary nitrate modulates cerebral blood flow parameters and cognitive performance in humans: a double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover investigation
Physiology & Behaviour
Wightman et al (2015) – Northumbria University, UK

alt textEffects of handgrip exercise or inorganic nitrate supplementation on 24-h ambulatory blood pressure and peripheral arterial function in overweight and obese middle age and older adults: a pilot RCT<br data-preserve-html-node="true"> Maturitas
Lara et al (2015) – Newcastle University, UK

alt textAcute dietary nitrate intake improves muscle contractile function in patients with heart failure
Circulation Heart Failure
Coggan et al (2015) – Washington University School of Medicine, US

alt textEffect of acute dietary nitrate intake on maximal knee-extensor speed and power in healthy men and women
Nitric Oxide
Coggan et al (2015) – Washington University School of Medicine, US

alt textEffects of dietary nitrate, caffeine, and their combination on 20-km cycling time trial performance
Journal of strength and conditioning research
Glasister et al (2015) – St Mary’s University College, UK

alt textDietary nitrate reduces the O2 cost of desert marching but elevates the rise in core temperature
European Journal of Applied Physiology
Kuennen et al (2015) -High Point University, US

alt textDietary nitrate provides sustained blood pressure lowering in hypertensive patients: a randomized, phase 2, double-blind, placebo-controlled study
Hypertension
Kapil et al (2015) – Queen Mary University of London (WHRI), UK

alt textAcute dietary nitrate supplementation improves arterial endothelial function at high altitude: a double-blinded randomized controlled cross over study
Nitric Oxide
Bakker et al (2015) – Norwegian University of Science and Technology, N

alt textThe effect of dietary nitrate supplementation on the oxygen cost of cycling, walking performance and resting blood pressure in individuals with chronic pulmonary disease: a double blind placebo controlled, randomised control trial
Nitric Oxide
Shepherd et al (2015) – University of Exeter, UK

alt textDietary nitrate supplementation in COPD: an acute, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover trial
Nitric Oxide
Kerley et al (2015) – University College Dublin, IRE

alt textEffects of sodium phosphate and beetroot juice supplementation on repeated-sprint ability in females
European Journal of Applied Physiology Buck et al (2015) – University of Western Austraila, AUS

alt textDietary nitrate supplementation improves exercise performance and decreases blood pressure in COPD patients
Nitric Oxide Berry et al (2015) – Wake Forest University, US

alt textBeetroot juice improves on-water 500m time-trial performance, and laboratory-based paddling economy in national and international-level kayak athletes
International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism Peeling et al (2015) – University of Western Australia, AUS

alt textDietary nitrate improves vascular function in patients with hypercholesterolemia: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlledstudy
The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Ahluwalia et al (2015) -Queen Mary University of London (WHRI), UK

alt textEffect of inorgnic nitrate on exercise capacity in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction
Heart Failure
Zamani et al (2015) – University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, US

alt textDietary inorganic nitrate and acute increases in exercise performance in peripheral arterial disease (PAD)
Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise
Woessner & Mary (2015) – Victoria University, AUS

alt textEffect of acute dietary nitrate consumption on oxygen consumption during submaximal exercise in hypobaric hypoxia
International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
Carriker et al (2015) – Indiana State University, US

alt textAcute dietary nitrate supplementation enhances compensatory vasodilation during hypoxic exercise in older adults
Journal of Applied Physiology
Casey et al (2015) – University of Iowa, US

alt textEffects of chronic dietary nitrate supplementation on the hemodynamic response to dynamic exercise
Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Lee et al (2015) – Kyung Hee University, SKR

alt textAcute dietary nitrate supplementation and exercise performance in COPD: a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomised controlled pilot study
PLOS ONE
Curtis et al (2015) – Royal Brompton & Harefield NHS Trust Imperial College, UK

alt textA double blind randomized placebo control crossover trial on the effect of dietary nitrate supplementation on exercise tolerance in stable moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
BMC Pulmonary Medicine
Leong et al (2015) -Â Monash Medical Centre, AUS

alt textDietary nitrate enhances power output during the early phases of maximal intensity sprint cycling
University of Lincoln Corry et al (2015) – University of Lincoln, UK

alt textAgeing modifies the effects of beetroot juice supplementation on 24-hour blood pressure variability: An individual participant meta-analysis
Nitric Oxide Siervo et al (2015) – Newcastle University, UK

alt textShort-term dietary nitrate supplementation augments cutaneous vasodilation and reduces mean arterial pressure in healthy humans
Microvascular Research
Keen et al (2015) – Kansas State University, US

Aerobic fitness affects the exercise performance responses to nitrate supplementation
Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise
Porcelli et al (2015) – University of Louisville, US

High-nitrate vegetable diet increases plasma nitrate and nitrite concentrations and reduces blood pressure in healthy women
Public Health Nutrition
Ashworth et al (2015) – University of Exeter, UK

Short-term effects of a high nitrate diet on nitrate metabolism in healthy individuals
Nutrients
Bondonno et al (2015) – University of Western Austraila, AUS

Suppression of erythropoiesis by dietary nitrate
FASEB Journal
Ashmore et al (2015) – University of Cambridge, UK

2014 . . .

alt textA single dose of beetroot juice enhances cycling performance in simulated altitude
Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise
Muggeridge et al (2014) – University of the West of Scotland, UK

alt textAcute dietary nitrate supplementation decreases blood pressure and increases dry static apnea performance in females
Journal of Exercise Physiology online
Collofello et al (2014) – University of St. Francis, US

alt textThe effect of variable doses of inorganic nitrate-rich beetroot juice on simulated 2000-m rowing performance in trained athletes
International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Hoon et al (2014) – University of Sydney, AUS

alt textDietary nitrate reduces skeletal muscle oxygenation response to physical exercise: a quantitative muscle functional MRI study
Physiological Reports
Bentley et al (2014) – University of Aberdeen, UK

alt textEffects of acute dietary nitrate supplementation on 30-second wingate performance in healthy collegiate males
British Journal of Sports Medicine
Rothwell & Alkhatib (2014) – Sheffield Hallam University, UK

alt textNitrate supplementation enhances the contractile properties of human skeletal muscle
Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise
Haider & Folland (2014) – Loughborough University, UK

alt textDietary nitrate supplementation improves reaction time in type 2 diabetes: development and application of a novel nitrate-depleted beetroot juice placebo
Nitric Oxide
Gilchrist et al (2014) – University of Exeter, UK

alt textInorganic nitrate supplementation improves exercise capacity in subjects with HF with preserved EF: a pilot study
Journal of Cardiac Failure
Zamani et al (2014) – University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, US

alt textAcute dietary nitrate supplementation reduces the oxygen cost of submaximal exercise in COPD
Thorax
Curtis et al (2014) – Imperial College London, UK

alt textDietary nitrate accelerates post-exercise muscle metabolic recovery and O2 delivery in hypoxia
Journal of Applied Physiology
Vanhatalo et al (2014) – University of Exeter, UK

alt textBeetroot supplementation lowers daily systolic blood pressure in older, overweight subjects
Nutrition Research
Jajja et al (2014) – Newcastle University, UK

alt textDietary nitrate supplementation: effects on plasma nitrite and pulmonary O2 uptake dynamics during exercise in hypoxia and normoxia
Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Kelly et al (2014) – University of Exeter, UK

alt textDose dependent effects of nitrate supplementation on cardiovascular control and microvascular oxygen dynamics in healthy rats
Nitric Oxide
Ferguson et al (2014) – Kansas State University, US

2013 . . .

alt textDietary nitrate supplementation improves team sport-specific intense intermittent exercise performance
European Journal of Applied Physiology
Wylie et al (2013) – University of Exeter, UK

alt textEffects of nitrate on the power-duration relationship for severe-intensity exercis
Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise
Kelly et al (2013) – University of Exeter, UK

alt textBeetroot juice and exercise: pharmacodynamics and dose-response relationships
Journal of Applied Physiology
Wylie et al (2013) – University of Exeter, UK

alt textBeetroot juice supplementation speeds O2 uptake kinetics and improves exercise tolerance during severe-intensity exercise
American Journal of Physiology
Breese et al (2013) – Liverpool Hope University, UK

alt textInfluence of nitrate supplementation on VO2 kinetics and endurance of elite cyclists
Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Christensen et al (2013) – University of Copenhagen, DK

alt textInfluence of dietary nitrate supplementation on human skeletal muscle metabolism and force production during maximum voluntary contractions
European Journal of Physiology
Fulford et al (2013) – University of Exeter, UK

alt textLikely additive ergogenic effects of combined preexercise dietary nitrate and caffeine ingestion in trained cyclists
International Scholarly Research Notices: Nutrition
Handzlik & Gleeson (2013) – University of Nottingham Medical School, UK

alt textEffects of dietary nitrate supplementation on 5 km running time trial performance in trained female runners
British Journal of Sports Medicine
Lanceley et al (2013) – Sheffield Hallam University, UK

alt textInfluence of dietary nitrate supplementation on physiological and cognitive responses to incremental cycle exercise
Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
Thompson et al (2013) – University of Canberra, AUS

alt textImpact of dietary nitrate supplementation via beetroot juice on exercising muscle vascular control in rats
European Journal of Applied Physiology
Ferguson et al (2013) – Kansas State University, US

2012 . . .

alt textAcute dietary nitrate supplementation improves dry static apnea performance
Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
Engan et al (2012) – Mid Sweden University, SWE

alt textBlood pressure-lowering effects of beetroot juice and novel beetroot enriched bread products in normotensive male subjects
British Journal of Nutrition
Hobbs et al (2012) – University of Reading, UK

alt textInfluence of acute dietary nitrate supplementation on 50 mile time trial performance in well-trained cyclists
European Journal of Applied Physiology
Wilkerson et al (2012) – University of Exeter, UK

alt textNitrate supplementation’s improvement of 10-km time-trial performance in trained cyclists
International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
Cermak et al (2012) – McMaster University, CAN

alt textThe effects of a single dose of concentrated beetroot juice on performance in trained flatwater kayakers
International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
Muggeridge et al (2012) – University of the West of Scotland, UK

alt textBlood pressure-lowering effects of beetroot juice and novel beetroot-enriched bread products in normotensive male subjects
British Journal of Nutrition
Hobbs et al (2012) – University of Reading, UK

alt textEnhanced vasodilaor activity of nitrite in hypertension: critical role for erythrocytic xanthine oxidoreductase and translational
Hypertension
Ghosh et al (2012) – Queen Mary University of London (WHRI), UK

Dietary nitrate improves muscle but not cerebral oxygenation status during exercise in hypoxia
Journal of Applied Physiology
Masschelein et al (2012) – University of Leuven, B

Dietary nitrate supplementation improves rowing performance in well-trained rowers
International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
Bond et al (2012) – Waikato Institute of Technology, NZ

2011 . . .

alt textDietary nitrate supplementation reduces the O2 cost of walking and running: a placebo-controlled study
Journal of Applied Physiology
Lansley et al (2011) – University of Exeter, UK

alt textAcute dietary nitrate supplementation improves cycling time trial performance
American College of Sports Medicine
Lansley et al (2011) – University of Exeter, UK

alt textA beetroot juice shot is a significant and convenient source of bioacessible antioxidants
Journal of Functional Foods
Wootton-Beard & Ryan (2011) – Oxford Brooks University, UK

alt textDietary nitrate reduces metabolic perturbation and improves exercise tolerance in hypoxia
Journal of Physiology
Vanhatalo et al (2011) – University of Exeter, UK

alt text“Dietary nitrate – a slow train coming?”
European Journal of Applied Physiology (November 2011)
Department of Physiology & Pharmacology, Karolinska Institutet Stockholm – Prof Jon Lundberg et al

alt text“A toast to health and performance! Beetroot juice lowers blood pressure and the O2 cost of exercise”
Journal of Applied Physiology 110: 585-586 (2011)
Department of Applied Physiology & Kinesiology, Centre for Exercise Science, University of Florida

Dietary nitrate supplementation enhances exercise performance in peripheral arterial disease
Journal of Applied Physiology
Kenjale et al (2011) – Duke University, US

Dietary inorganic nitrate improves mitochondrial efficiency in humans
Cell Metabolism
arsen et al (2011) – Karolinska Institutet, SWE

Dietary nitrate supplementation enhances exercise performance in peripheral arterial disease
European Journal of Applied Physiology
Kenjale et al (2011) – Duke University Medical Centre, US

2010 . . .

alt textDietary nitrate supplementation enhances muscle contractile efficiency during knee-extensor exercise in humans
Journal of Applied Physiology
Bailey et al (2010) – University of Exeter, UK

alt textAcute and chronic effects of dietary nitrate supplementation on blood pressure and the physiological responses to moderate intensity and incremental exercise
American Journal of Physiology
Vanhatalo et al (2010) – University of Exeter, UK

alt textInorganic nitrate supplementation lowers blood pressure in humans – role for nitrite – derived NO
Hypertension
Kapil et al (2010) – Queen Mary University of London (WHRI), UK

2009 . . .

Dietary nitrate supplementation reduces the O2 cost of low-intensity exercise and enhances tolerance to high-intensity exercise in humans – using Beet It
Journal of Applied Physiology
Bailey et al (2009) – University of Exeter, UK

2008 . . .

Acute blood pressure lowering, vasoprotective, and antiplatelet properties of dietary nitrate via bioconversion to nitrite
Hypertension
Webb et al (2008) – Queen Mary University of London (WHRI), UK

2007 . . .

Effects of dietary nitrate on oxygen cost during exercise
Acta Physiologica
Larsen et al (2007) – Karolinska Institutet, SWE

2006 . . .

Effects of dietary nitrate on blood pressure in healthy volunteers
The New England Journal of Medicine
Larsen et al (2006) – Karolinska Institutet, SWE